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It's about time that I became systematic in my language learning goals. As such, I have decided to log my progress here every day in order to be able to convince myself that I can learn languages on my own.

This log will focus solely on Russian.

Current goals for Russian include:
-Being able to recognize what case a noun is in without looking it up.
-Understanding perfective and inperfective verbs in the context of work
-Being able to read children's works without using a dictionary
-Reaching an acceptable of pronunciation that is not readily recognizable as a foreign accent

Today, I learned about the INSTRUMENTAL CASE. It is as follows:


For male nouns, add -ом for most nouns
ём
if it ends in stressed ж, ц, ч, ш, щ, or stressed й and ь
ем
if it ends in unstressed ж, ц, ч, ш, щ, or unstressed  й and ь 

For female, nouns, replace а with -ой for noun ending in 
replace stressed я with ёй
replace unstressed я with ей

For neuter nouns, add -м

For plural nouns, lok at the nominative singular form
if it ends with a consonant/ if it ends in а/о, add/replace ами
For the  soft sounds, use ями


The INSTRUMENTAL CASE is used to express the means by which something is done. For example, "I eat by means of a spoon."  is "Я ем ложкой". To express 'with' as in 'accompanied with', you would use с + the INSTRUMENTAL CASE. "Coffee with milk" would be "кофе с молоком".

The INSTRUMENTAL CASE  also has the curious function of expressing your job. If you want to say "He works as a consultant", you would say "Он работает консультантом".

The pronouns are

Мной
- Me
Тобой - You
Им - Him/ It
Ей - Her
Нами - Us
Вами - You (plural)
Ими - Them


There are other uses of this case which I shall cover here as I advance.

Oddly enough, having noted down what I learned seems to be useful in cementing it. It makes me feel better about knowing the instrumental case, which is a case I long avoided studying just to spend time perfecting the accusative, dative, prepositional (I spent a lot of time on this one!), and genetive (studying this thing is like a masochism tango) cases. Hopefully, I'll be able to do this more often since it makes me feel good. :) Of course, I'll be writing this down in print so that we can all enjoy my 'SUPER AWESOME MAMBO TANGO FOXTROT RUSSIAN GUIDE' and I can use it as a reference.

Next time, I'll go other the prepositional case and hopefully, something new. Ha, now I know why people keep these logs. :D


The instrumFFi
Forif theidd